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In addition to the subjects in the six subject groups, there is a DP core. The core is made up of three required components, which aim to broaden students’ educational experience and challenge them to apply their knowledge and skills.

The three core components are:

  • Theory of knowledge, in which students reflect on the nature of knowledge and on how we know what we claim to know.
  • The extended essay, which is an independent, self-directed piece of research, culminating with a 4,000-word paper.

  • Creativity, activity, and service, in which students undertake and engage in activities related to each of the three strands.